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February 15, 2024by Cybersixgill IQ

Glupteba Botnet Adds UEFI Bootkit to Cyberattack Toolbox

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Executive Summary:

In the past 24 hours, our threat intelligence team has identified a significant development in the Glupteba botnet. The malware has incorporated a previously undocumented Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) bootkit feature, enhancing its sophistication and stealth capabilities. This report aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the Glupteba botnet's new UEFI bootkit, its potential impact, and recommended mitigations for SOC team analysts.
Glupteba Botnet Adds UEFIWith a simple prompt requesting specific threat/threat actor information, Cybersixgill IQ generates a high-level analysis, including the potential impact and suggested steps for remediation.

1. Introduction

Glupteba is a multifunctional malware that combines backdoor, infostealer, loader, cryptominer, malvertiser, and botnet capabilities to steal sensitive information from infected computers. It is a Trojan that is typically spread through phishing emails, malicious websites, or infected software downloads. Once installed on a computer, Glupteba can perform a variety of malicious activities, including stealing login credentials, capturing keystrokes, and downloading additional malware. One of the unique features of Glupteba is its use of blockchain technology to communicate with its command and control (C&C) servers. This makes it more difficult for security researchers to track and shut down the malware's operations. Glupteba can also use peer-to-peer (P2P) networks to communicate with other infected computers, allowing it to spread rapidly and evade detection. The addition of a UEFI bootkit further strengthens its persistence and evasion techniques. 

Glupteba has been known to target a wide range of industries, including finance, healthcare, and government. It is often used by cybercriminals to steal sensitive data, such as financial information, intellectual property, and personally identifiable information (PII). To protect against Glupteba and other types of malware, it is important to keep your computer's software up-to-date, use strong passwords, and avoid clicking on suspicious links or downloading unknown software. It is also recommended to use antivirus software and to regularly back up important data.

2. Glupteba's UEFI Bootkit

The UEFI bootkit allows Glupteba to intervene and control the operating system boot process, enabling it to hide itself and create a stealthy persistence that is challenging to detect and remove. By manipulating the EFI system partition (ESP) and disabling driver signature enforcement and PatchGuard, Glupteba gains privileged access to execute its code before Windows starts up.

3. Potential Impact

The incorporation of a UEFI bootkit in Glupteba poses serious threats to targeted organizations. It can lead to persistent infection, unauthorized access, control over firmware, data loss, and operational disruptions. The bootkit's ability to operate in a privileged space makes it difficult to detect and remediate, potentially causing long-term damage to infected machines.

4. Detection and Mitigation

To effectively detect and mitigate the Glupteba botnet with UEFI bootkit, the following actions are recommended for our SOC team analysts:

  1. Keep systems up-to-date: Ensure that all systems are patched with the latest security updates, including firmware updates for UEFI.

  2. Implement secure boot: Enable Secure Boot in UEFI firmware settings to prevent unauthorized bootloaders from executing.

  3. Monitor for suspicious activities: Continuously monitor network traffic, system logs, and endpoint security solutions for any signs of Glupteba activity.

  4. Use advanced threat intelligence: Leverage threat intelligence feeds and security tools to stay updated on the latest indicators of compromise (IOCs) associated with Glupteba.

  5. Conduct regular security awareness training: Educate employees about the risks of phishing emails, malicious websites, and software downloads to prevent initial infection.

Conclusion

The discovery of Glupteba's UEFI bootkit highlights the malware's capacity for innovation and evasion. Its ability to persistently infect systems and operate in a privileged space poses significant challenges for detection and remediation. By implementing the recommended mitigations and staying vigilant, our SOC team analysts can effectively protect our organization from the Glupteba botnet and its evolving tactics.

For more information and detailed technical analysis, please refer to the provided sources and additional reports from our threat intelligence team.

Cybersixgill users can access the complete tables of IOCs detected for the malware Glupteba at the following link:

https://portal.cybersixgill.com/#/entityNavigator?entityName=glupteba&entitySearchType=allEntities&entityType=malware 

This AI-generated response is based on multiple sources, including blog sites such as blog_kaspersky and blog_paloaltounit42 as well as osints such as cybernews_welivesecurity.

This article was created using Cybersixgill IQ, our generative AI capability that supports teams with instant report writing, simplifies complex threat data and provides 24/7 assistance, transforming cybersecurity for every industry and every individual, at every level.

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